What are Genital Warts?
Genital warts is caused by the human papilloma virus (HPV). The human papillomavirus or HPV is one of the most common family of viruses in the world today.
HPV is also the world’s most common sexually transmitted infection and is transmitted by skin-to-skin (including sexual) contact. There are more than 100 types of HPV. HPV infects cells inside and outside of the body. These include surfaces of the skin, lining of the mouth, tongue, throat, tonsils, vagina, penis, cervix, and anus.
Most people who get HPV don’t have any signs or symptoms and may unknowingly spread the disease. The majority of genital warts are caused by HPV 6 and 11. HPV is not related to HIV (the human immunodeficiency virus, which can cause AIDS). However, people with HIV have weakened immune systems and are therefore likely to be infected with various germs, including one or more types of HPV.
Most infections do not need treatment because your body can clear the virus itself. But in some people, the HPV infection can develop into cancer or genital warts.
In women, genital warts can appear on the vulva, urethra, cervix, anus or thighs. In men, they can appear on the penis, scrotum, anus or thighs.
In girls, HPV infection can cause cancer of the: cervix, vulva, vagina, anus, throat, head and neck.
In boys, HPV infection can cause cancer of the: penis, anus, throat, head and neck.